Thai monks make these traditional beads by hand as part of a cottage industry to support their temples. The Buddha beads (made of the same clay as Thai amulets) are molded by hand with a stylized seated Buddha image, colored and blessed. The 24K gold leaf is added during the blessing ceremony.There are 109 beads on these mala strands. The beads are 10-11mm in diameter and height. the bead hole is approximately 2mm. The gold leaf has been applied in a random manner.The strand length is about 40-45 inches long. Made in Thailand and imported. You can take apart to create many fabulous beaded jewelry projects!